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Cuban Museum

Cubaโ€™s history includes much more than Fidel Castro and the revolution

Cuba Introduction

Cuba is both an island and a country. Apart from the main island, Cuba is also home to over 4000 small islands. However, when we refer to Cuba, we usually refer to the main island. Cuba is a Caribbean island. The northwest is bordered by the Gulf of Mexico, while the remainder of the north coast is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.

Cuba spans over 1200 kilometers from west to east. The island, however, is only 32โ€“145 kilometers wide. The northwest is bordered by the Gulf of Mexico and is home to the capital Havana. The remainder of the north coast runs parallel to the Atlantic Ocean. The nearest mainland is Florid, a United States federal state. Florida is only 180 kilometers from Cuba’s northern coast. The Caribbean Sea runs along Cuba’s southern coast. Cuba is part of the Greater Antilles archipelago.

Cuba is a relatively level country with extensive lowlands. To the west is a smaller mountain range, and to the east is the larger Sierra Maestra. Cuba is a tropical country. It is perpetually warm here. From May to October, there is a rainy season, and from November to April, there is a dry season. Cuba is home to tree rats and slithers, as well as the world’s tiniest bird and a frog that is one of the tiniest. As a socialist state, Cuba’s economy is tightly regulated by the state. However, in recent years, this has been somewhat relaxed.

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